Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits. Its methods include storytelling, discussion, teaching, training, and directed research. It frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, however, learners may also educate themselves. It can take place in formal or informal settings and any the experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. The methodology of teaching is called pedagogy.